Era of Peace

Welcome to Era of Peace

Estamos muito satisfeitos e honrados em compartilhar este momento com você. Você pode, ou não pode saber disto ainda, mas você é um dom maravilhoso para esta Terra. Toda a vida desenvolvida aqui é bem-aventurada por sua presença. A intenção divina deste site é para ajudá-lo a lembrar-se desta profunda Verdade.

Independentemente de quão longe você pensa que esta de refletir o fato de que você é um Filho Amado e Divino de Deus, esta informação dos Seres de Luz nos Reinos da Verdade Iluminada vai despertar dentro de você esse Conhecimento Interior.

Você esteve preparando por uma eternidade do tempo para cumprir a sua faceta única do Plano Divino, que está se desdobrando agora na Terra.

Sua Presença “EU SOU” trouxe a informação neste site em sua esfera de consciência, porque o tempo para que você possa cumprir sua finalidade e razão de ser é AGORA.

Thank You

Obrigado por se oferecer ter nascido durante este Momento Cósmico na Terra e obrigado pela sua disponibilidade para se tornar o Instrumento de Deus, você é destinado a ser.

God Bless You,

Patricia Diane Cota-Robles.

Preparando-se para o Influxo de Luz Divina

September 2005
Preparing for the Influx of Divine Light
by Patricia Diane Cota-Robles

Nós todos temos nos preparados para este Momento Cósmico desde a queda da Humanidade a eras atrás. Agora estamos em fase final de aumento de energia, vibração e consciência de nossos corpos físicos, etérico, mental e emocional, para que possamos ser capazes de suportar o fluxo máximo de Amor Divino Transfigurado de Deus. Este influxo da Luz Divina incorporará o ímpeto desde o dia 13 de Agosto até o dia 18 de Agosto.

Se o seu Ser Divino tiver magnetizado esta informação na sua esfera de consciência, saiba que você é uma parte vitalmente importante desta atividade da Luz. O Plano Divino que você se apresentou para cumprir durante esta Semana Santa necessita apenas uma coisa de você:

SUA CONSCIÊNCIA UNIDIRECIONADA, FOCADA NA ALEGRIA FLUTUANTE, AMOR DIVINO E REVERÊNCIA POR TODA VIDA.

Enquanto você progride através dos dias santos que levaram a este acontecimento milagroso, lembre-se que, acima de todas as coisas, sua responsabilidade é liberar a energia mais amorosa, jovial, divertida, edificante, harmoniosa que você possa expressar.

Não importa que desafios ou testes possam lhe ser apresentados, saiba que nada vale a pena afastá-lo da harmonia do seu Ser verdadeiro. Seja a Presença da Paz Dominante que você esteve preparado para ser. Seja a força mais poderosa de Transfigurar o Amor Divino, você é capaz de estar aqui e agora. Este é o seu momento! A humanidade, a Mãe Terra e a Companhia do Céu estão contando com você.

GOD BLESSES YOU!

Durante os próximos sete dias, nós fomos abençoados com a oportunidade de elevar a vibração dos nossos corpos Terrestre, para que eles sejam capazes de suportar mais Luz do que jamais experimentamos antes.

Por uma Sanção Cósmica de nosso Onisciente, Onipotente, Onipresente Deus Pai-Mãe, toda a Companhia do Céu está de prontidão permanente para assistir a Humanidade com esta Diligência Sagrada.  Os Seres de Luz nos Reinos da Verdade Iluminada nos deram dois exercícios de respiração muito simples, mas extremamente poderoso. Se fizermo-los todas as manhãs e noites para os próximos sete dias, a nossa preparação física será acelerado por um salto quântico.

Estes exercícios de respiração podem ser continuados por quanto tempo você quiser após os sete dias. Cada vez que eles são feitos, seus corpos terrestres serão levantados até mais na energia, vibração e consciência.

THE BREATH OF LIFE
by Patricia Diane Cota-Robles

Quando conscientemente inspiramos o Sopro Sagrado de Deus, a nossa Presença EU SOU desperta dentro de nós a lembrança de como o Sopro Sagrado assistirá na transformação das nossas vidas. O Sopro Sagrado de Deus é o nosso Dom da Vida. É o veículo que nos une com o nosso Onisciente, Onipresente, Onipotente Deus Pai-Mãe, Tudo O Que É. O Sopro Sagrado cria o espaço sagrado que nos permite ser Um com os aspectos multidimensionais da nossa própria Divindade e Um com toda a Criação.

Quando deliberadamente utilizamos o Sopro Sagrado de Deus, a cada inspiração que ecoar no Coração e Mente de Deus, e com cada expiração, projetamos para o plano físico da Terra os padrões de perfeição contidos no Coração e na Mente de Deus.  Pelo Sopro Sagrado de Deus somos capazes de conversar com os aspectos multidimensionais da nossa própria Divindade, e nossos corpos físicos, etéricos, mentais e emocionais são energizados e sustentados no mundo da forma.

Enquanto nos lembramos desta profunda Verdade, começamos a experimentar o Sopro Sagrado da forma que Deus originalmente pretendia. Este dom da Vida é projetado para restaurar, rejuvenescer, revitalizar e transformar nossos corpos Terrestres em corpos de Luz e de Templos Poderosos do Deus Vivo.  Direcionando o Santo Sopro de Deus através de nossa Espinha Solar da 5ª Dimensão e seus doze correspondentes Chacras Solares e meridianos, vamos elevar a vibração de nossos corpos para alturas até então desconhecidas. Os seguintes exercícios de respiração irá avivar todas as células em nosso corpo e limpar as frequências de vibração que são menos do que a perfeição física ilimitada da 5 ª Dimensão. Dentro desta mais alta frequência de Luz, a nossa Presença EU SOU será capaz de se integrar efetivamente nos nossos corpos Terrestres. Então seremos livres e sem obstáculos em nossos pensamentos. Vamos compreender a Unicidade de toda a Vida, e vamos perceber que as soluções viáveis para cada situação se manifestando em nossas vidas ou no planeta estão esperando a descoberta no Corpo Causal de Deus.

Tudo o que temos de fazer é utilizar o Sopro Sagrado de Deus e elevar a consciência.

PRIMEIRO EXERCÍCIO RESPIRATÓRIO

(declarado na 1.ª pessoa)

Eu começo exalando todo o ar dos meus pulmões. Agora, estando de pé, os meus pés juntos e os meus braços relaxados e descansando ao meu lado, Eu afirmo com uma sensação profunda:

“EU ESTOU inspirando o Sopro Sagrado de Deus.”

Enquanto eu inspiro, giro as palmas das mãos voltando-as para cima e lentamente levanto os braços ao lado do corpo e estendê-los acima da minha cabeça. Mantenho a minha respiração dentro do meu corpo e visualizo um eixo brilhante de Luz pulsando com todos os 12 Aspectos Solares da Divindade emanando do próprio Coração de Deus.

Este eixo de Luz desce em meu Chacra da Coroa e brilha na Espinha Solar em meus 12 Chacras Solares. Enquanto eu continuo a segurar o Sopro Sagrado de Deus dentro do meu corpo, esta Luz cintilante expande através dos meus meridianos em cada célula do meu corpo.

Agora Eu expiro lentamente e afirmo com profundo sentimento:

“EU ESTOU expirando, o Sopro Sagrado de Deus”.

Enquanto Eu expiro, viro as palmas das mãos voltando-as para baixo e lentamente desço os braços de volta ao lado do meu corpo. Prendo a respiração e visualizo o poderoso raio de Luz descendo pela minha Espinha Solar para o centro da Terra. A Luz do próprio Coração de Deus se funde com o Ímpeto Divino no núcleo da Mãe Terra e se expande através do Sistema de Grade Cristalino para envolver todo o planeta e toda a Vida que evolui aqui.

Eu respiro normalmente durante um momento; então repito a Respiração Sagrada mais três vezes. Este exercício de Respiração Sagrado é feito uma vez para o meu corpo físico e para a camada física da Terra, uma vez para o meu corpo etérico e para a camada etérica da Terra, uma vez para o meu corpo mental e para a camada mental de Terra e uma vez para o meu corpo emocional e para a camada emocional de Terra. Depois de quatro Respirações Sagradas, decreto:

“EU SOU o Sopro Sagrado de Deus restaurando, revitalizando, rejuvenescendo e transformando o meu corpo Terrestre em Corpo de Luz Solar da 5ª dimensão da perfeição física ilimitada. Cada célula, cada partícula atômica e subatômica e cada onda em meu corpo físico, etérico, mental e emocional está agora pulsando com os 12 Aspectos Solares da Divindade, que continuamente aumentam e transfiguram este Templo do Deus Vivo”.

Anúncios

The Book of Filial Duty, by Ivan Chen, [1908], at sacred-texts.com

II. THE TWENTY-FOUR EXAMPLES OF FILIAL DUTY

Instead of the Hsiao Hsueh, or Teaching for the Young, which is usually grouped with The Book of Filial Duty, I have chosen The Twenty-four Examples of Filial Duty by way of illustration to the Hsiao Ching. They are naive and terse, and yet not without their simple charm. Even where they lend: themselves to exaggeration, as in the story of the old gentleman who dressed himself in gay garments and frisked in front of his very venerable parents, they are not meaningless nor devoid of humanity. The lesson to be drawn is that our duty towards our parents is the first obligation in life, and that we should go, if necessary, to all lengths to fulfil it. Nothing is known of the authorship of these stories, or the time in which they are written. Each story is accompanied by its commentary, and probably the stories themselves originated during the Ming dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644), the commentaries belonging mostly to the latter years of that dynasty. The period dealt with in these tales is a very wide one, and ranges from the time of the great Emperor Shun (circa 2300 B.C.) down to the Sung

[p. 13]

dynasty (A.D. 900-1200). There have been many editions of The Twenty-four Examples in Chinese, mostly embellished with quaint and original woodcuts, of which the figure on the cover of the present volume, kindly supplied by Mrs. Lionel Giles, is an example.

III. FILIAL DUTY AND PARENTAL LOVE

In conclusion, I hope none of my readers will imagine, from these examples and the treatise that precedes them, that Chinese family life is cold and repellent, and devoid of mutual love. The moment a tiny life enters the circle it is guarded by the triple walls of kinship. In the children our parents return to us; in the children we survive. All through Chinese history the exile longs for return to wife and children. All through Chinese literature you will find allusion to the love of little ones which has been the heritage of the Chinese from time unknown. The Book of Odes, quoted in Mr. Ku Hung-ming’s eloquent translation of the Chung Yung, or Conduct of Life, for this Series, says:

When wives and children and their sires are one,
‘Tis like the harp and lute in unison.
When brothers live in concord and in peace,
The strains of harmony shall never cease.
The lamp of happy union lights the home,
And bright days follow when the children come.

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With the Chinese the natural joys of life have always been the most sought after. Home, family, friendship, landscape, and flowers–these are the pleasures which they delight in. The religion of Confucius is the religion of daily life. On the side of the parent there is responsibility; on the side of the child, obedience, but not a blind one. Of the responsibility of parents there is no question. Confucius himself laid down the law when he sentenced a father, who had brought an accusation against his son, to be imprisoned with him. On being remonstrated with, he made this memorable reply: “Am I to punish for a breach of filial piety one who has never been taught to be filially minded? Is not he who neglects to teach his son his duties equally guilty with the son who fails in them? Crime is not inherent in human nature, and therefore the father in the family and the government in the State are responsible for the crimes committed against filial piety and the public laws.”

On the other hand, the obedient son must be able to discriminate and not follow blindly, when the father is at fault. In the Li Chi, or Book of Rites, it is written: “When his parents are in error, the son must remonstrate with them with respect and gently. If they do not receive his reproof, he must strive more and more to be dutiful and respectful towards them till they are pleased, and then he must again point out their fault.”

[p. 15]

The Chinese give respect to the living, and also reverence the dead. It is from the past that they have tried to learn, and the past is a pathway which the feet of spirits have trodden and made luminous. And, moreover, no man can escape from his ancestors, even if he go to the uttermost parts of the earth and dwell among strangers. Over the heads of the family the politician, ancient and modern, looks to the State. But China, from the shelter and security of her myriad bulwarks, has watched the sun of many empires rise and set.

NOTE

IN preparing this little book for the press, I am indebted to Mr. Lionel Giles and Mr. L. Cranmer-Byng for their kind assistance. Mr. Giles has revised the English spelling of Chinese names according to the system almost universally adopted by sinologues to-day; while Mr. Cranmer-Byng has made himself responsible for the Introduction. As regards The Twenty-four Examples of Filial Duty, due acknowledgment must be made to Vol. VI. of The Chinese Repository, which contains the only complete translation of these stories, and has been extensively drawn upon for the present work.

“Spiritual Treasures – Final Edition”

Kriya Yoga
Spiritual Encyclopedia:
Spiritual definition and meaning of Kriya Yoga
Two old traditional words combined:
Kriya in Sanskrit means action, deed, effort and includes personal work and spiritual efforts. True
spiritual efforts always are efforts of selfless love.
Yoga to join, to unite, thus to reunite mankind with God.
Kriya Yoga as a combined word thus means to act with love and work in a loving way until all our
karma is dissolved and we are reunited with God. The purpose of Kriya Yoga is to free souls
entangled on earth by the power of divine love and to reunite souls with God. We human beings are
spiritual souls trapped in our karma related body on our planet earth.
What kind of work or effort does Kriya mean and why? Here on earth mankind is far from our origin,
our home in God. Mankind “fell” down step by step to this planet of dense material world as a result
of our self-created karma. Karma resulting in:
l Attachment to belongings and property
l Hatred
l War
l Revenge and retaliation
l Punishment
l Greed
l Stinginess
l Betrayal
l Abuse of others
l Abuse of own powers or positions for personal gain and profit or to manipulate others
l Exploitation of others
l … and other variations of selfish ego-manifestation.
Our past actions have caused karma resulting in pain to others includes pain to all creation, nature,
environment and God.
If you have the power to create troubles and pain to others, you also have the potential power to
reverse past actions by starting actions of love, work with love until all past negative karma is
dissolved in love. Miners buried under tons of rock and gravel have the choice to die, to hope for
rescue and wait, to work toward freedom or to hope for rescue but at the same time work toward
rescuer.

If we contribute our own and fullest possible efforts toward freedom in God, then we learn the
potential results and danger of creating karma and learn to avoid future karma. Hence without our
own conscious efforts toward union with God there can be no union with God. Union with God
requires readiness to love and to solve all past and future situations by sole means and power of love
only!
Kriya = Positive action and intense loving efforts to free ourselves
Hence if we got ourselves into troubles by means of our own efforts, we also have the power to free
ourselves. Positive action = Kriya, is needed to get ourselves out of self-created troubles and messy
life on earth. What kind of action got us here? Negative actions, selfish actions, painful actions,
abusing others, cheating others, betraying others, etc.
What kind of actions can dissolve all past negative actions? Positive actions, clean up actions, inner
and outer purification. Hate, selfishness and the like only can be healed by love and never by other
violent or negative actions. Thus actions of love only have the power to free us and to reunite us
with God. The actions of love = Kriya, needed to clean up our self created mess on earth include:
1. Sharing all with all
2. Helping all
3. Being useful to all others
4. Healing others
5. Giving freedom to others
6. Protecting freedom of others
7. Creating happiness and satisfaction in others
8. To care for others and to care about the holistic wellbeing and happiness of others
9. Healing “broken hearts”
10. Forgiving all others – to fully pardon all in all situations
11. Asking for forgiveness and pardon from others for our own past
12. Protecting God’s creation, environment and all nature
13. Acting as one family on earth – a family without color, without race, without borders of any
kind
14. Being honest and sincere in all situations to all
15. Treating all like family members of our own family
16. Striving for the happiness and wellbeing of all others above all other goals

SMOKEY THE BEAR SUTRA BY GARY SNYDER

SMOKEY THE BEAR SUTRA

BY GARY SNYDER

Once in the Jurassic about 150 million years ago, the Great Sun Buddha in this corner of the Infinite Void gave a discourse to all the assembled elements and energies: to the standing beings, the walking beings, the flying beings, and the sitting beings–even the grasses, to the number of thirteen billion, each one born from a seed, assembled there: a Discourse concerning Enlightenment on the planet Earth.

“In some future time, there will be a continent called America. It will have great centers of power called such as Pyramid Lake, Walden Pond, Mt. Rainier, Big Sur, Everglades, and so forth; and powerful nerves and channels such as Columbia River, Mississippi River, and Grand Canyon. The human race in that era will get into troubles all over its head, and practically wreck everything in spite of its own strong intelligent Buddha-nature.”

“The twisting strata of the great mountains and the pulsings of volcanoes are my love burning deep in the earth. My obstinate compassion is schist and basalt and granite, to be mountains, to bring down the rain. In that future American Era I shall enter a new form; to cure the world of loveless knowledge that seeks with blind hunger: and mindless rage eating food that will not fill it.”

And he showed himself in his true form of

SMOKEY THE BEAR

A handsome smokey-colored brown bear standing on his hind legs, showing that he is aroused and watchful.

Bearing in his right paw the Shovel that digs to the truth beneath appearances; cuts the roots of useless attachments, and flings damp sand on the fires of greed and war;

His left paw in the mudra of Comradely Display–indicating that all creatures have the full right to live to their limits and that of deer, rabbits, chipmunks, snakes, dandelions, and lizards all grow in the realm of the Dharma;

Wearing the blue work overalls symbolic of slaves and laborers, the countless men oppressed by a civilization that claims to save but often destroys;

Wearing the broad-brimmed hat of the west, symbolic of the forces that guard the wilderness, which is the Natural State of the Dharma and the true path of man on Earth:

all true paths lead through mountains

With a halo of smoke and flame behind, the forest fires of the kali-yuga, fires caused by the stupidity of those who think things can be gained and lost whereas in truth all is contained vast and free in the Blue Sky and Green Earth of One Mind;

Round-bellied to show his kind nature and that the great earth has food enough for everyone who loves her and trusts her;

Trampling underfoot wasteful freeways and needless suburbs, smashing the worms of capitalism and totalitarianism;

Indicating the task: his followers, becoming free of cars, houses, canned foods, universities, and shoes, master the Three Mysteries of their own Body, Speech, and Mind; and fearlessly chop down the rotten trees and prune out the sick limbs of this country America and then burn the leftover trash.

Wrathful but calm. Austere but Comic. Smokey the Bear will Illuminate those who would help him; but for those who would hinder or slander him…

HE WILL PUT THEM OUT.

Thus his great Mantra:

Namah samanta vajranam chanda maharoshana Sphataya hum traka ham mam

“I DEDICATE MYSELF TO THE UNIVERSAL DIAMOND BE THIS RAGING FURY BE DESTROYED”

And he will protect those who love the woods and rivers, Gods and animals, hobos and madmen, prisoners and sick people, musicians, playful women, and hopeful children:

And if anyone is threatened by advertising, air pollution, television, or the police, they should chant SMOKEY THE BEAR’S WAR SPELL:

DROWN THEIR BUTTS

CRUSH THEIR BUTTS

DROWN THEIR BUTTS

CRUSH THEIR BUTTS

And SMOKEY THE BEAR will surely appear to put the enemy out with his vajra-shovel.

Now those who recite this Sutra and then try to put it in practice will accumulate merit as countless as the sands of Arizona and Nevada.

Will help save the planet Earth from total oil slick.
Will enter the age of harmony of man and nature.
Will win the tender love and caresses of men, women, and beasts.
Will always have ripened blackberries to eat and a sunny spot under a pine tree to sit at.

AND IN THE END WILL WIN HIGHEST PERFECT ENLIGHTENMENT

…thus we have heard…

(may be reproduced free forever)

THE MYSTICAL QABALAH by Dion Fortune

THE YOGA OF THE WEST
1. Very few students of occultism know anything at all about the fountain-head whence their
tradition springs. Many of them do not even know there is a Western Tradition. Scholarship is
baffled by the intentional blinds and defences with which initiates both ancient and modern have
wrapped themselves about, and concludes that the few fragments of a literature which have come
down to us are medieval forgeries. They would be greatly surprised if they knew that these
fragments, supplemented by manuscripts that have never been allowed to pass out of the hands of
initiates, and completed by an oral tradition, are handed down in schools of initiation to this day,
and are used as the bases of the practical work of the Yoga of the West.
2. The adepts of those races whose evolutionary destiny is to conquer the physical plane have
evolved a Yoga technique of their own which is adapted to their special problems and peculiar
needs. This technique is based upon the well-known but little understood Qabalah, the Wisdom
of Israel.

3. It may be asked why it is that the Western nations should go to the Hebrew culture for their
mystical tradition? The answer to this question will be readily understood by those who are
acquainted with the esoteric theory concerning races and sub-races. Everything must have a source.
Cultures do not spring out of nothing. The seed-bearers of each new phase of culture must of
necessity arise within the preceding culture. No one can deny that Judaism was the matrix of the
European spiritual culture when they recall the fact that Jesus and Paul were both Jews. No race
except the Jewish race could possibly have served as the stock upon which the new dispensation
was to be grafted because no other race was monotheistic. Pantheism and polytheism had had their
day and a new and more spiritual culture was due. The Christian races owe their religion to the
Jewish culture as surely as the Buddhist races of the East owe theirs to the Hindu culture.

4. The mysticism of Israel supplies the foundation of modern Western occultism. It forms the
theoretical basis upon which all ceremonial is developed. Its famous glyph, the Tree of Life, is the
best meditation symbol we possess because it is the most comprehensive.
5. It is not my intention to write a historical study of the sources of the Qabalah, but rather to
show the uses that are made of it by modern students of the Mysteries. For although the roots of
our system are in tradition, there is no reason why we should be hidebound by tradition. A
technique that is being actually practised is a growing thing, for the experience of each worker
enriches it and becomes part of the common heritage.
6. It is not necessarily incumbent upon us to do certain things or hold certain ideas because the
Rabbis who lived before Christ had certain views. The world has moved on since those days and
we are under a new dispensation but what was true in principle then will be true in principle now,
and of value to us. The modern Qabalist is the heir of the ancient Qabalist, but he must reinterpret
doctrine and reformulate method in the light of the present dispensation if the heritage he has
received is to be of any practical value to him.

Egyptian Ideas of the Future Life

CHAPTER III.

THE “GODS” OF THE EGYPTIANS.

THROUGHOUT this book we have had to refer frequently to the “gods” of Egypt; it is now time to explain who and what they were. We have already shown how much the monotheistic side of the Egyptian religion resembles that of modern Christian nations, and it will have come as a surprise to some that a people, possessing such exalted ideas of God as the Egyptians, could ever have become the byword they did through their alleged worship of a multitude of “gods” in various forms. It is quite true that the Egyptians paid honour to a number of gods, a number so large that the list of their mere names would fill a volume, but it is equally true that the educated classes in Egypt at all times never placed the “gods” on the same high level as God, and they never imagined that their views on this point could be mistaken. In prehistoric times every little village or town, every district and province, and every great city, had its own particular god; we may go a step farther, and

p. 109

say that every family of any wealth and position had its own god. The wealthy family selected some one to attend to its god, and to minister unto his wants, and the poor family contributed, according to its means, towards a common fund for providing a dwelling-house for the god, and for vestments, etc. But the god was an integral part of the family, whether rich or poor, and its destiny was practically locked up with that of the family. The overthrow of the family included the overthrow of the god, and seasons of prosperity resulted in abundant offerings, new vestments, perhaps a new shrine, and the like. The god of the village, although he was a more important being, might be led into captivity along with the people of the village, but the victory of his followers in a raid or fight caused the honours paid to him to be magnified and enhanced his renown.

The gods of provinces or of great cities were, of course, greater than those of villages and private families, and in the large houses dedicated to them, i.e., temples, a considerable number of them, represented by statues, would be found. Sometimes the attributes of one god would be ascribed to another, sometimes two or more gods would be “fused” or united and form one, sometimes gods were imported from remote villages and towns and even from foreign countries, and occasionally a community or town would repudiate its god or gods, and adopt a brand new set from some

p. 110

neighbouring district. Thus the number of the gods was always changing, and the relative position of individual gods was always changing; an obscure, and almost unknown, local god to-day might through a victory in war become the chief god of a city, and on the other hand, a god worshipped with abundant offerings and great ceremony one month might sink into insignificance and become to all intents and purposes a dead god the next. But besides family and village gods there were national gods, and gods of rivers and mountains, and gods of earth and sky, all of which taken to-ether made a formidable number of “divine” beings whose good-will had to be secured, and whose ill-will must be appeased. Besides these, a number of animals as being sacred to the gods were also considered to be “divine,” and fear as well as love made the Egyptians add to their numerous classes of gods.

The gods of Egypt whose names are known to us do not represent all those that have been conceived by the Egyptian imagination, for with them as with much else, the law of the survival of the fittest holds good. Of the gods of the prehistoric man we know nothing but it is more than probable that some of the gods who were worshipped in dynastic times represent, in a modified form, the deities of the savage, or semi-savage, Egyptian that held their influence on his mind the longest. A typical example of such a

p. 111

god will suffice, namely Thoth, whose original emblem was the dog-headed ape. In very early times great respect was paid to this animal on account of his sagacity, intelligence, and cunning; and the simple-minded Egyptian, when he heard him chattering just before the sunrise and sunset, assumed that he was in some way holding converse or was intimately connected with the sun. This idea clung to his mind, and we find in dynastic times, in the vignette representing the rising sun, that the apes, who are said to be the transformed openers of the portals of heaven, form a veritable company of the gods, and at the same time one of the most striking features of the scene. Thus an idea which came into being in the most remote times passed on from generation to generation until it became crystallized in the best copies of the Book of the Dead, at a period when Egypt was at its zenith of power and glory. The peculiar species of the dog-headed ape which is represented in statues and on papyri is famous for its cunning, and it was the words which it supplied to Thoth, who in turn transmitted them to Osiris, that enabled Osiris to be “true of voice,” or triumphant, over his enemies. It is probably in this capacity, i.e., as the friend of the dead, that the dog-headed ape appears seated upon the top of the standard of the Balance in which the heart of the deceased is being weighed against the feather symbolic of Maât; for the commonest titles

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of the god are “lord of divine books,” “lord of divine words,” i.e., the formulæ which make the deceased to be obeyed by friend and foe alike in the next world. In later times, when Thoth came to be represented by the ibis bird, his attributes were multiplied, and he became the god of letters, science, mathematics, etc.; at the creation he seems to have played a part not unlike that of “wisdom” which is so beautifully described by the writer of Proverbs (see Chap. VIII. vv. 23-31).

Whenever and wherever the Egyptians attempted to set up a system of gods they always found that the old local gods had to be taken into consideration, and a place had to be found for them in the system. This might be done by making them members of triads, or of groups of nine gods, now commonly called “enneads”; but in one form or other they had to appear. The researches made during the last few years have shown that there must have been several large schools of theological thought in Egypt, and of each of these the priests did their utmost to proclaim the superiority of their gods. In dynastic times there must have been great colleges at Heliopolis, Memphis, Abydos, and one or more places in the Delta, not to mention the smaller schools of priests which probably existed at places on both sides of the Nile from Memphis to the south. Of the theories and doctrines of all such schools and colleges, those of Heliopolis have survived in the completest form, and by careful

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examination of the funeral texts which were inscribed on the monuments of the kings of Egypt of the Vth and VIth dynasties we can say what views they held about many of the gods. At the outset we see that the great god of Heliopolis was Temu or Atmu, the setting sun, and to him the priests of that place ascribed the attributes which rightly belong to Râ, the Sun-god of the day-time. For some reason or other they formulated the idea of a company of the gods, nine in number, which was called the “great company (paut) of the gods,” and at the head of this company they placed the god Temu. In. Chapter XVII of the Book of the Dead 1 we find the following passage:–

“I am the god Temu in his rising; I am. the only One. I came into being in Nu. I am Râ, who rose in the beginning ”

Next comes the question, “But who is this?” And the answer is: “It is Râ when at the beginning he rose in the city of Suten-henen (Heracleopolis Magna) crowned like a king in rising. The pillars of the god Shu were not as yet created when he was upon the staircase of him that dwelleth in Khemennu (Hermopolis Magna).” From these statements we learn that Temu and Râ were one and the same god, and that he was the first offspring of the god Nu, the primeval watery mass, out of which all the gods

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came into being. The text continues: “I am the great god Nu who gave birth to himself, and who made his names to come, into being and to form the company of the gods. But who is this? It is Râ, the creator of the names of his members which came into being in the form of the gods who are in the train of Râ.” And again: “I am he who is not driven back among the gods. But who is this? It is Tem, the dweller in his disk, or as others say, it is Râ in his rising in the eastern horizon of heaven.” Thus we learn further that Nu was self-produced, and that the gods are simply the names of his limbs; but then Râ is Nu, and the gods who are in his train or following are merely personifications of the names of his own members. He who cannot be driven back among the gods is either Temu or Râ, and so we find that Nu, Temu, and Râ are one and the same god. The priests of Heliopolis in setting Temu at the head of their company of the gods thus gave Râ, and Nu also, a place of high honour; they cleverly succeeded in making their own local god chief of the company, but at the same time they provided the older gods with positions of importance. In this way worshippers of Râ, who had regarded their god as the oldest of the gods, would have little cause to complain of the introduction of Temu into the company of the gods, and the local vanity of Heliopolis would be gratified.

But besides the nine gods who were supposed to

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form the “great company” of gods of the city of Heliopolis, there was a second group of nine gods called the “little company” of the gods, and yet a third group of nine gods, which formed the least company. Now although the paut or company of nine gods might be expected to contain nine always, this was not the case, and the number nine thus applied is sometimes misleading. There are several passages extant in texts in which the gods of a paut are enumerated, but the total number is sometimes ten and sometimes eleven. This fact is easily explained when we remember that the Egyptians deified the various forms or aspects of a god, or the various phases in his life. Thus the setting sun, called Temu or Atmu, and the rising sun, called Khepera, and the mid-day sun, called Râ, were three forms of the same god; and if any one of these three forms was included in a paut or company of nine gods, the other two forms were also included by implication, even though the pautthen contained eleven instead of nine gods. Similarly, the various forms of each god or goddess of the paut were understood to be included in it, however large the total number of gods might become. We are not, therefore, to imagine that the three companies of the gods were limited in number to 9 x 3, or twenty-seven, even though the symbol for god be given twenty-seven times in the texts.